Saint Peter's Basilica

Saint Peter's Basilica
  • History

    History

    During Nero’s great Christian persecution in 64 A.D., Saint Peter was martyred, crucified and buried in Caligula’s...


  • The Basilica

    The Basilica

    The Constantinian basilica disappeared with time. Over 150 years passed from the decision of Nicholas V Parentucelli to...


  • Interior of the Basilica

    Interior of the Basilica

    The atrium (corresponding to the ancient portico of the early Christian basilicas) is considered one of the most...


  • Vatican Grottos

    Vatican Grottos

    Positioned just below the Renaissance basilica and above Constantine’s 4th century basilica, the grottos contain...


  • Saint Peter's Treasury

    Saint Peter's Treasury

    After passing through the 18th century sacristy of the basilica – built with columns from the Villa Adriana in Tivoli –...


  • Pre-Constantinian Necropolis

    Pre-Constantinian Necropolis

    Excavations around 1940 brought to light various tombs from the 2nd century B.C., originally situated at the northern...


  • St. Peter's Square

    St. Peter's Square

    Designed and built by Bernini between 1656 and 1667, during the pontificate of Alexander VII (1655-1667), the square is...


  • The Façade

    The Façade

    Designed by the architect Carlo Maderno, it was completed in 1614. It is 114.69 metres wide and 48 metres high, and has...


  • The Dome

    The Dome

    The dome was designed by Michelangelo, who worked on the construction of the basilica beginning in 1547. By the end of...


  • Fabbrica di San Pietro

    Fabbrica di San Pietro

    In 1523 Pope Clement VII appointed a permanent committee of 60 experts and charged them with responsibility for...