50th Anniversary of the TREATY OF ROME

50th Anniversary of the TREATY OF ROME  

In 1951, just six years after the terrible aftermath of the Second World War, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands signed an agreement in Paris to create the first Europe-wide authority with the European Coal and Steel Community (CECA). For the first time ever, these six founding nations gave up some of their own sovereignty, even if only in a limited way, to favor the common good of the Community. This first effort towards integration soon ran into problems with the defeat of the European Defense Community (CED) treaty in 1954. After a number of years marked by growth, instability and difficulties, on 25 March 1957 the famous “Treaty of Rome” was signed at the historic Campidoglio in Rome. The agreement included the establishment of the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). In the following five decades these first efforts would result in the creation of the European Union, which today comprises 27 nations. To mark this 50th anniversary Vatican City is dedicating a special stamp to each of the six founding member nations of this “project Europe”. The sheet depicts a concept of Europe growing and developing through efforts of work and solidarity, and also through the removal of physical or ideological barriers. The image of the mother and child on the stamp represents the future of the Old Continent.